A huge number of civilian population, approximately 3 million people, were displaced as a result of a major military operation in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Tribal Districts – KPTD (Previously known as FATA) of the country to root out the local pockets of militants in 2009. The offensive led to significant damage to physical infrastructure and services while creating a large population of Temporarily Displaced Persons (TDPs) who lost their homes and livelihoods.
In 2015, the FATA Secretariat developed a comprehensive Sustainable Return and Rehabilitation Strategy. The strategy encouraged establishing an enabling environment for the voluntary return of the TDP families. As a result, the Government requested the World Bank’s support in strengthening the early recovery of TDP returnees, for all the affected areas of KPTD, to provide the returnees with a predictable and regular flow of income over the re-settlement period to cover basic needs before livelihoods are restored as well as child health wellness grant linked with the attendance of health awareness session.
Complementing the initiatives being implemented by the Government of Pakistan, the World Bank proposed to strengthen the recovery efforts of the government for all recently affected areas of KPTD through an emergency early recovery project having the following components:
- Early Recovery Grant (ERG): A one-time resettlement grant of Rs. 35,000 to be provided to the families for returning to their homes. The grant covers basic transportation and immediate subsistence needs of the families. It will be directly administered and the upfront payments are made by the government through FATA Secretariat (FDMA is the focal body).
- Livelihood Support Grant (LSG) – These are Unconditional Cash Transfers (UCT) amounting to Rs. 4,000 per month, provided to support immediate safety net recovery support for a period of 4 months. These LSGs shall cover basic and subsistence needs of the families after they return to their homes, to ensure consumption smoothing and provision of support for the affected beneficiaries, till they are able to restore their livelihoods.
- Child Wellness Grant (CWG) – These are Conditional Cash Transfers (CCT) linked to a comprehensive child wellness package, to encourage long-term improvements in children’s health and support overall human development outcomes for the affected region.
- Technical Assistance: Support for the development of Emergency Cash Transfer delivery mechanism for TDPs and non-TDPs belonging to the affected region.
ACT was engaged in the process for beneficiary mobilization, outreach and communication activities with an overreaching goal of supporting and facilitating the design and implementation of the project. Thus, ACT follows a multi-layered approach to engage stakeholders effectively.
Firstly, the social mobilization process ensures that eligible households are identified, stakeholders consulted and mobilized to avail the grants and CWP and grassroots level interventions are supported to facilitate their access to services. Secondly, the Project supports an effective communication campaign. This is fundamental to engage and educate beneficiaries and also for ensuring long term sustainability in behavioral change. A standardized outreach model for the OSS is put in place and this model
includes awareness sessions for beneficiary communications to ultimately help the project to deliver more efficiently by improving the two-way flow of communication and information for both the LSG and CWG components.
ACT supports the overall program through mobilizing beneficiaries and enhancing awareness of the program amongst the stakeholders. It creates a larger understanding of the program amongst audience in KPTD, influence beneficiaries to visit the OSS as per schedule and ensure their multiple visits to the OSS as well as inform policy makers about the program.
The Project Mobilized 4,07,360 TDPs/Non TDPs who Received Livelihood Support Grant (Rs 7,700) and Child Wellness Grant (Rs 16,000) in 5 Agencies of KPTD.