The baseline assessment conducted by ACT International in selected communities showed that in KP context GBV or violence against women is considered as taboo. Though number of GBV incidents happen in the community but community found reluctant to disclose those incidents. Community elders/influential at local level is the only source which handles such cases and decides accordingly, but female have no or limited voice in such matters.
Keeping in view the situation about GBV prevention the project proposes a social mobilization as mean for community engagement and mobilization for addressing GBV issues. Along with focused on constituency building to address governance issues related to GBV services at district level. The proposed activity frame includes a number of interventions related to prevention of GBV and building constituencies and engagement of communities through formation of groups, involving men to target masculine social structure using ‘Engaging Men Strategy’, engaging youth, local press clubs and district bars, district government officials, local bodies representatives, community influential including imam masjids, social and political workers, lady health workers, teachers and wider community.
To achieve the project objectives project proposes to work with both grass root level communities and district level stakeholders. At grass root level project will work with 60 GBV groups in 15 villages of six union councils in selected districts. In each selected village four exclusive GBV groups will be formed. These groups will be formed by involving Men, Women, Youth (Boys and Girls). These groups will than sensitized on GBV related issues, and capacitated to work as change agent in their respective communities to achieve the ultimate outcome of reduced tolerance to GBV. Taking actions to address issues related to violence against women in the targeted communities, project will execute different activities at village and UC level. Key activities includes, formation of WISE groups (in newly added three villages), develop action plans for prevention of GBV by WISE group, facilitate these WISE groups to execute their action plans, capacity building of these groups, integration of services by increasing awareness, mainstreaming survivors with disabilities and HIV by creating awareness among communities and imparting information regarding service providers, support referral mechanism on GBV, consultative dialogues with community influential, men to men, women to women dialogue etc.
At district level ACT will work with different stakeholders including district administration, police, media and lawyers to prioritize the issue of violence against women at district level and strengthen/improved the service delivery of GBV service providers (public and private sectors) through constituency building and meaningful engagement of relevant district government.
To ensure the effective engagement of main stakeholders /constituencies the project will form different committees including GBV media committee, GBV lawyers Committee, GBV local bodies representatives committee and local government representatives committee. These institutions (GBV Committees) including police will be sensitized and capacitated through different trainings workshops and orientation session and mobilized to play their role in their respective field by advocating, preventing or responding GBV at district level.
At district level ACT will execute different activities by engaging GBV committees which includes mushaira at village level to sensitize community elders and stakeholders, UC level marathon race/cultural event, seminars, and theatre on GBV issues and organize consultative dialogues with relevant stakeholders to advocate the issues of GBV specially related to its service delivery and protection of survivors at district government level. Periodic review and follow-up with GBV Committees regarding prioritizing the implementation issues and issues related to policy reforms and feed in to provincial advocacy organizations for action.
ACT International is involved in GBV project in three districts of KP which includes Nowshera, Mardan and Sawabi. The project working approach is based on two major strategies, i.e. social mobilization for prevention of GBV and advocacy for strengthening GBV response services prevailing in the above mentioned districts. The project aims at increasing awareness in the community regarding GBV, building constituencies and sharing knowledge which ultimately results in increase responsiveness, improved capacity and contributes directly in strengthening legislation process at provincial level.
Based on the findings of baseline survey and observations during the program implementation it was observed that in a men dominated socio-cultural settings of KP with respect to Gender Based Violence (GBV), youth is a segment which has shown comparative openness to this concern and have willingness to address this issue. Further, considering the fact that today’s youth will be tomorrows torch bearers, ACT International proposes an “Action Research” which would be initiated as a reflective process led by youth (university students primarily and existing youth centric WISE groups) to address and improve on the issues related to GBV in their respective communities.
The idea behind the initiative is to constitute teams/groups of youth (Social Activist) which will be selected from universities from the current program districts of Trocaire’s partners (ACT International, NET and PVDP) and also utilize the existing Youth Groups (WISE groups) from current program. The major objectives of these students’ groups/teams would be
- To conduct action research and identify the undermined issues related to GBV
- Develop “Social Action Project” which would address the root causes consequently resulting in addressing of GBV issues at community level.
- Serve as change agent in their respective communities to address the issue of GBV.
Why Youth: The selection of the local youth will not only facilitate the process of action research but will also increase level of acceptability and accessibility in their respective communities. This will help in highlighting the real causes of GBV issues, identification of relevant actors and local methods to cater the issues highlighted with regards to GBV. In addition, youth is a vibrant segment of community which can influence the existing socio cultural norms and value system
The above mentioned proposed interventions will generate demand at community level about addressing the issues of GBV and its prevention along with strengthen the GBV services for GBV victims/survivors at district level. In addition, the district advocacy activities will increase the responsiveness of public and private sector at district level. Resultantly, it will contribute in reducing the tolerance to GBV and promote actions to address violence against women, among women, men and youth. Additionally, the proposed interventions also compliment the specific objectives of Trocaire’s GBV on-going programme.
Based on the simple principle of the power of human connection, positive inter-dependence, collaboration or working together to evolve a shared culture of realizing women’s human rights, the proposed project will be implemented through a result oriented roadmap of measurable milestones (deliverables) which have been indicated in the project RBM. The project will unfold itself through following activities:
1: Long term Outcome: Women, men, youth, media persons, lawyers and local government officials (influential’s) in targeted areas have reduced tolerance against GBV
1.1: Intermediate short term outcome: Women, men and youth in target areas are taking actions to prevent and respond to GBV
1.1.1: Immediate Short term outcome: communities are organized and mobilized upon GBV related issues in targeted areas
184.108.40.206: Identification of targeted community for the formation of WISE groups in newly added villages
220.127.116.11: Organize initial dialogue (one with each) with the identified groups’ representatives to sensitize and mobilize them for their effective role in the prevention of GBV at community level.
18.104.22.168: Pre-formation meeting (one with each) with all identified groups to get their consent and finalize the TORs of their respective groups.
22.214.171.124: Formation of community groups titled “Wilful Initiative for Social Empowerment” Groups (WISE-Groups) for identified Men, Women, Girls & Boys to promote, reduce tolerance to GBV by creating awareness.
126.96.36.199: Conduct monthly meetings with all formed wise groups (Men, Women, Girls & Boys)
Project Orientation Meetings;
The field team will be organizing project orientation meetings in the newly added villages (Rehmanabad, Jamudar Keli and Shahbaz lar) with targeted communities (Men, Women, Girls & Boys), community influential including imam masjids, social and political workers, lady health workers, teachers and wider community. The orientation meetings at district level with journalists from local press clubs and district bars, district government officials will also be held to apprise them about the project. Orientation meetings with women groups (in an interactive mode), men (hopes and fears session) and general meetings with communities will help the teams to acquire the trust of the stakeholders and develop both informal and formal relationships to take things forward collaboratively.
Formulation of Community WISE Groups (Men, Women, Boys and Girls);
Building on the orientation meetings in newly added three villages, 12 “Wilful Initiative for Social Empowerment” Groups (WISE-Groups) for identified Men, Women, Girls & Boys will be formed in selected three villages to promote, reduce tolerance to GBV by creating awareness. In each selected village four (4) WISE Groups (1 Women WISE Group, 1 Men WISE Group, 1 Girls WISE Group and 1 Boys WISE Group) will be formed. Each community WISE Group will consist of 15 members which will be elected by the concern community keeping in view their willingness and volunteerism to work as change agent in their respective communities to achieve the ultimate outcome of reduced tolerance to GBV particularly violence against women.
1.1.2: Immediate Short term outcome: WISE group members have increased their knowledge upon GBV related legislation, referral mechanism and role of other service providers
188.8.131.52: Conduct two day training for the members of WISE groups (Men and Boys)on GBV issues, existing GBV related legislation, referral mechanism and role of other service providers (public and private including Trocaire partners) in selected districts.
184.108.40.206: Conduct two day training for the members of WISE groups (Women, and Girls) on GBV issues, existing GBV related legislation, referral mechanism and role of other service providers (public and private including Trocaire partners) in selected districts.
220.127.116.11: Conduct 2 day training for the members of WISE-Men groups on behavior change and as per the Module of Behaviour change for men.
18.104.22.168: Conduct 60 orientation sessions with the members of all formed groups (Men, Women, Girls & Boys) On GBV and existing GBV related legislation in the country, existing referral mechanism and GBV service providers
Capacity Building/Sensitization of Community WISE Groups;
In order to sensitize the Community WISE Groups on GBV related issues, a capacity building session plan which is already developed during first year of the program will be executed. A series of revise planning and consultative meetings by the project team, in-house trainers, material developers, senior officials from Trocaire and its partner organizations will contribute towards the conceptual framework of the session planning. Keeping in view the project’s particular emphasis on Gender based violence, building practical understanding of the groups on HIV and disabilities mainstreaming, GBV service providers (public & private), behaviour change for men and referral mechanism a conscious effort will be made to incorporate all such elements in the capacity building/sensitization plan and resource materials which are essential for the target community WISE Groups to understand, internalize and practically implement in their day to day life. Although at community level WISE Groups will be the centre of all activities and inputs of the project. Key responsibilities of field facilitators in the field would include village-based support in the selected communities and all training/orientation sessions will be fully backed on regular follow up sessions which will help target groups, refresh and practically re-energies their acquired knowledge and skills to work to minimize of existing tolerance level of the communities against GBV.
1.1.3: Immediate short term outcome: WISE group members have improved skills to design and implement awareness raising campaigns and action planning for the prevention of GBV related issues .
22.214.171.124: Facilitate all groups (Women, Men, Girls and Boys) to develop their action plan to address the GBV related issues in their respective communities.
126.96.36.199: Facilitate all groups in Implementation/execution of their action plan
Formulation of GBV Prevention Plans for Community WISE Groups (4 months);
Once all Community WISE Groups have been formed and capacitated/sensitized on GBV and related issues consultative planning meetings will be organized with these groups. These meetings will help to understand GBV prevention Plan for each WISE Group with very clear objectives and goals, clarity of roles and responsibilities of each individual. These will consist of but not limited to the following activities;
- Awareness raising campaigns at village level (corner meetings, dissemination of IEC material, creating general public awareness on (i) existing referral mechanism, (ii) role of GBV service providers (public & private), highlight the GBV incidents if happen in their respective communities etc.
- Sensitization of respective general community on GBV issues
- Men to men dialogues on masculine behaviours and means of prevention of GBV
- Women to women dialogues in their respective communities for the prevention of GBV.
- Consultative dialogues with community influential, elders, local counsellors, social workers, Imam Masajids to sensitize them regarding GBV particularly on domestic violence against women.
- Any other issue find during the baseline survey
ACT will facilitate and mentor these groups to plan and execute their prevention plans in their respective communities and conduct monthly review of the planned activities on regular basis.
1.2: Intermediate short term outcome: stakeholders and communities are coherent with each other and providing proper response to GBV cases.
1.2.1: Immediate short term outcome: Communities are aware of GBV response services and GBV related rights.
188.8.131.52: Facilitate all groups to create awareness among communities on existing response services for GBV survivors
184.108.40.206: Observance of international days and commemoration in coordination with provincial partner regarding GBV services and rights
220.127.116.11: sensitization of communities through commemorating 16 days of activism with women focus activities in collaboration with provincial partners
18.104.22.168: Develop and disseminate IEC material (pamphlets, posters, banners)on GBV prevention, which will be developed with NET and PVDP logos
22.214.171.124: Dissemination of information regarding referral mechanism in targeted communities
Facilitate all groups to create awareness among communities on existing response services for GBV survivors
Communities will be informed about the existing response services for GBV survivors. This information will be disseminated through WISE group members who will share their knowledge with community members within their circle. That will create spin over impact and the information will ultimately reach to the survivor of GBV.
Observance of international days and commemoration in coordination with provincial partner regarding GBV services and rights
Three international days will be commemorated throughout the project life cycle. These days will be celebrated in coordination with Trocaire provincial partners. The partners will support each other in their international days celebrations activities. The selection of days will be done with mutual consent of all the provincial partners. It is proposed that a seminar, walk, theatre, or any other activity will be the part of the commemorations. Large number of stakeholders and community members will be the part of this activity.
Sensitization of communities through commemorating 16 days of activism with women focus activities in collaboration with provincial partners
Upon the learning of the past, this activity has been devised and made part of this proposal. It has been observed during commemorations of 16 days of activism 2014 that a large number of community members were involve and sensitized through this activity. During 2015, this activity will be commemorated with limited scope with activities like seminar including theatre. The activity will be performed at grass root level i.e at UC level. All the project villages will be the part of this activity. Along with that, the adjacent villages and UCs will also participate in such events and a word of mouth travels too far. This produces spin-over impact of GBV prevention.
Beneficiary Communication (IEC and Referral);
To cater the information communication and education needs of the targeted communities and relevant stakeholders pertaining to gender based violence including but not restricted to, domestic violence, forced and early marriage and sexual exploitation, physical, emotional and psychological repercussions for women as well as informative material on existing GBV response services, GBV referral mechanism will be developed with the sufficient support of communication departments of Trocaire and its partner organizations. This will help in improving the responsiveness of targeted community WISE groups and stakeholders about GBV and existing response service for GBV survivors at village, UC, tehsil and district level. In this regard following material will be developed and disseminated among the targeted communities and relevant stakeholders;
The information regarding existing response services will be distributed among communities to enhance their confidence level. Services directory will be distributed among WISE groups and communities at large. The services directory will be published both in English and urdu language for better understanding of the community. Communities will be linked with referral mechanism established by Trocaire partner organization. Communities will be informed about emergency contact numbers and type of service provision through service centres.
ACT will develop, print and disseminated above mentioned material to create awareness and educate communities through WISE Groups (Man, Women, Girls and Boys) about existing response services for GBV survivors. All the beneficiary communication material will be developed in liaison with Trocaire, and while following the branding guidelines of AusDFAT and Trocaire.
1.2.2: Immediate short term outcome: Stakeholders are aware of their roles and responsibilities and sensitized upon GBV related issues
126.96.36.199: Organize theatres in the selected programme outreach to Sensitize Children (Boys & Girls) and Youth (Girls & Boys) regarding GBV and related issue.
188.8.131.52: Sensitize communities and stakeholders through conducting UC level marathon race/cultural event
184.108.40.206: Organize mushaira at village level to sensitize community elders and stakeholders upon GBV related issues
220.127.116.11: Organize seminars at district level on challenges pertaining to prevention, response and capacity issues for groups (women group, men group, girls group, boys group, district government officials, District Bars, District Press Clubs, Political Workers, Imam Masajids, Jirga, and Social workers) and their representatives.
Proposed Project includes different advocacy campaigns with this intend to create an enabling environment to prioritize the issue of violence against women at district level and mobilize wider support to improve the services for GBV survivors. During the whole project cycle ACT International will organize 6 theatre in selected districts to sensitize children (boys/girls) and youth (boys/girls) regarding GBV and related issues. In this regard, 2 theatres will be organized in selected schools/colleges of each district. Similarly, three seminars at district level (1 per district) on challenges pertaining to prevention, response and capacity issues for wise groups, district government officials, district bars, and districts press clubs, political workers and social workers will be organized. Along with that, to sensitize communities and stakeholders three marathon race/cultural event (which ever suitable in existing scenario) will be organised. Another activity of conducting Mushaira (one per district) will be organised which is a good mean to sensitize community and stakeholders at large regarding GBV issues and their prevention.
1.2.3: Immediate short term outcome: Improved linkages among community, stakeholders and GBV service providers
18.104.22.168: Organize and conduct periodic meetings of member of WISE groups with existing service providers (Public & Private)
22.214.171.124: Organize consultative dialogues on GBV issues with different Groups (Youth, Men and Women district government officials, District Bars, District Press Clubs, Political Workers, Imam Masajids, Jirga, and Social workers at district level)
126.96.36.199: Experience sharing meetings with provincial GBV partner organizations
188.8.131.52: Develop liason between selected community WISE group members and trained police official at community level
ACT International will facilitate all group members to be well aware of the existing GBV related services in their area and in this regard ACT team will not only provide information about available services but also conduct periodic meetings with the active service providers. Members of the service providers will unfold number of services provided by them to gender base victims and will explain service delivery mechanism. ACT international will organize series of dialogues on GBV issues with different groups to deliver awareness and education of basic gender rights. At-large, whole community will be taken on board to sensitize them on the pertaining issues of GBV in their society. It will create coherence among different groups of society and together they will move forward to reduce tolerance against GBV. Partner organizations in KP will be taken on board through sharing of experience related to handling of challenges, issues and their mitigation strategies. Along with that, strong coordination will result in better service delivery to victims/survivors of GBV. ACT will ensure strong coordination among local police and community and will try to build trust deficit.
1.3: Intermediate short term outcome: District level Stakeholders (media, bar council and local government bodies) are actively reporting and emphasizing upon GBV related laws and their implementation
1.3.1: Immediate short term outcome: Committees(press club, bar council, local government) are organized and formed at district level
184.108.40.206: Participation in district/province/national level alliances for GBV prevention
220.127.116.11: Coordination meetings with district level stakeholders
18.104.22.168: Organize initial dialogue (one with each) with the selected representatives from district press clubs, district bars, local government and local bodies’ representatives to sensitize and mobilize them for their effective role in the prevention of GBV.
22.214.171.124: Pre-formation meeting with local bodies representatives
126.96.36.199: Formation of local bodies representatives committees and integration with existing district level bar council committee, press club committee and local government officers committees and WISE group members
District level Alliances;
ACT will become member of relevant alliances to prevent GBV which are operative at district/provincial/national level such as men engaging alliance, EVA alliance, PERHANN, men care alliance etc. This activity will build capacity through experience sharing on these forums.
Formulation of District Advocacy Committees;
ACT will organize pre formation meeting with local bodies elected representatives to brief them about the project and its prevention strategies of GBV. Orientation meetings with concern stakeholders (press, lawyers, local bodies representatives and government line department officers) at district level to identify the potential members of the proposed advocacy committees for the extended phase of the project at district level. Initial dialogue followed by the orientation meetings will be organized with the selected representatives of district press clubs, district bar councils, local bodies representatives and government line department officers to sensitize them and mobilize them for their effective role to prioritize the issues of gender based violence at district level. During pre-formation meeting project senior management team will organize consultative dialogues with local bodies representatives for extended phase for their consent and finalize the TORs for proposed advocacy committees (GBV Media Committee, GBV Lawyers Committee, GBV Committee of Local body representative, GBV committee of government line department officers) at different tiers.
Once consensus on working TORs for above advocacy committees have been developed ACT will than formulate the following at district level;
- Formation of GBV districts press club committees
- Formation of GBV district Bar council committees
- Formation of GBV committee of local bodies representatives ( councillors ex-or present) at district level
- Formation of GBV committee of government line department officers
1.3.2: Immediate short term outcome: Committee members are aware of their roles and responsibilities related to reporting and advocating GBV related issues.
188.8.131.52: Conduct one day orientation workshop of the representatives of GBV Committees (Journalists, Lawyers, government line department officials and local bodies’ representatives) on GBV issues and their role and responsibilities as members of their respective GBV committee.
184.108.40.206: Conduct follow up meetings with committee members to review the progress upon GBV cases
Capacity Building of District Advocacy Committees;
As soon as aforementioned groups have been formed ACT will build the capacity (as per capacity building and sensitization plan developed on the basis of baseline findings) of these groups by organizing different orientation workshop, sessions, consultative meetings and sharing IEC material to sensitize them on GBV issues. ACT will organize different advocacy related activities at district level involving proactively these advocacy committee members. Key activities proposed to execute at district level includes, awareness raising walks, seminars, theatres etc. Quarterly review meetings of these advocacy committees to review the reporting of GBV cases, monitoring and issues related to supply side of GBV programming will be the regular feature of the project.
1.4: Intermediate short term outcome: youth Ambassador groups in target areas are taking actions to prevent and respond to GBV
1.4.1 Immediate short term outcome: Gender ambassador groups are formed at university level
220.127.116.11: One day event for Identification of active youth groups in four universities (Swabi University, Mardan University, Peshawar University and Swat University)
18.104.22.168: Initial dialogue with active youth groups and university management(Dean /senior professors of relevant departments)
22.214.171.124: Selection of youth for the formation of 12 gender ambassador groups ( 3 groups per university)
126.96.36.199: Formation of Gender ambassador Groups at university level
The process of research will be started by initiating a dialogue with the students of universities in the current program districts. The specialized personnel from ACT International having expertise in youth development and community engagement will go to selected universities and a pool of energetic students will be developed in each of the program districts. Initiatives will be taken to create interest and engagement of these students in the research process. University faculty members including Deans of department and senior professors will be given lead to facilitate and act as mentor during the research process. University professors will be the part of the action researches throughout the process.
1.4.2 Immediate short term outcome: Gender ambassador groups are educated on GBV related issues
188.8.131.52: Orientation of groups about their roles and responsibilities
184.108.40.206: Orientation of groups about GBV and its themes
220.127.116.11: Orientation of Gender ambassador group about action research (techniques, tools and responsibilities)
Activity Description :
This pool of students will be then oriented about the purpose of their selection i.e. their role in action researches, development of social action project and serving as a change agent etc.
These students and young WISE group members will be educated extensively on issues related to GBV, themes of GBV, research process and data gathering techniques and problem solving action plans by ACT International research and knowledge management unit. The selected youth will be provided with different themes of GBV like domestic violence, harmful traditional practices like Swara, honor crimes etc, patriarchy system and its link with GBV, role of manhood and fatherhood etc. They will conduct action based researches to identify the key issues and propose possible techniques to cater those issues which require immediate attention with regards to GBV.
1.4.3: Immediate short term outcome: Developed common understanding between peer groups and already formed community groups (WISE) and stakeholders (lawyer, media, local bodies representatives)
18.104.22.168: Meetings of Gender ambassador groups with community groups (WISE group) to exchange knowledge and issues about GBV
22.214.171.124: Meeting of Gender ambassador groups with stakeholders (lawyer, media, local bodies representatives)
The selected youth after orientation will visit and meet relevant stockholders and community in their respective villages. These meetings with stockholders and community groups will bring them all to the same page and will develop common understanding on the issues related to GBV.
1.4.4: Immediate short term outcome: youth ambassador groups addressed GBV issues in their communities through action researches
126.96.36.199: Workshops to formulate Action research plan
188.8.131.52: community visits for preliminary diagnosis and data gathering in light of research plan
184.108.40.206: development of social action projects (SAP) for respective community
220.127.116.11: execution of SAP at community level
Once the information and basic data is gathered the university youth in consultation with WISE group members will formulate short finding reports from their respective regions. In light of these finding reports youth will develop “Social Action Program” (SAP) to address the most critical theme in their respective regions. A team of experts from ACT will supervise the process of development of SAP. The interventions will be designed keeping in view the factors, actors and needs of respective regions in context of GBV.
A key advantage of this strategy will be the fact that these students are the part of society themselves and therefore they have a comprehensive and ground knowledge of existing socio-cultural matrix. This could result in exploration of undermining factors and social practices which leads to GBV.
Lastly, during the whole research process students will be comprehensively educated on the issue of GBV and its impacts. The endorsements of groups/teams formulated during the process will be ensured to work as change agents by working on the knowledge, education and attitudes in their respective communities.
1.4.5: Immediate short term outcome: Increased awareness amongst targeted communities about the issues and possible solutions for addressing GBV
18.104.22.168: Report to be generated upon the completion of SAP
22.214.171.124: Findings of Report to be disseminated through dissemination workshops to larger audience
The findings of action research will be disseminated to larger audience by organizing dissemination workshops/seminar at community level. In addition, the university youth initiatives will be gauged and lesson learned will be shared with audience. The efforts of university faculty members, their students and co-workers will be appreciated through honorary incentives and presentation of shields and kits.
During project implementation period ACT will ensure these groups are institutionalized and strengthen to take self-initiatives to prioritize the issue of violence against women at district level.